Pala dynasty (Kamarupa)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kamarupa Kingdom
Pala dynasty

900 CE–1100 CE



Capital Durjaya (present-day North Guwahati)
Religion Hinduism
Government Monarchy
 -  c. 900 - c. 920 Brahma Pala
 -  c. 920 – c. 960 Ratna Pala
 -  c. 960 – c. 990 Indra Pala
 -  c. 990 – 1015 Go Pala
 -  c. 1015 – c. 1035 Harsha Pala
 -  c. 1035 – c. 1060 Dharma Pala
 -  c. 1075 – c. 1100 Jaya Pala
Historical era Classical India
 -  Established 900 CE
 -  Disestablished 1100 CE

The Pala dynasty of Kamarupa ruled the kingdom from 900. Like the Pala dynasty of Bengal, the first ruler in this dynasty was elected, which probably explains the name of this dynasty "Pala". But unlike the Palas of Bengal, who were Buddhists, the Palas of Kamarupa were Hindus. The Hindu orthodoxy drew their lineage from the earlier Varman dynasty and thus ultimately from Narakasura.

The Pala dynasty came to an end when Kamarupa was invaded by the Gaur king Ramapala (c. 1072-1126). Timgyadeva was made the governor of Kamarupa who ruled between 1110 to 1126. Timgyadeva threw off the yoke of the Pala king and ruled independently for some years when he was attacked and replaced by Vaidyadeva under Ramapala's son Kumarapala. Vaidyadeva, who ruled between 1126 and 1140, declared independence within four years of his rule after the death of Kumarapala. Both Timgyadeva and Vaidyadeva issued grants in the style of the Kamarupa kings (three copper plates attached to the seal of the Kamarupa kings by a ring).



  • Sircar, D. C. The Bhauma-Naraka or the Pala Dynasty of Brahmapala, The Comprehensive History of Assam, ed H. K. Barpujari, Guwahati, 1990.