Bazaar

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A Moorish Bazaar
"Bazaar at Athens", in the Ottoman Empire Edward Dodwell.
Women purchasing copper utensils in a bazaar in 19th century India.
Mozaffarieh: An alley in Tabriz Bazaar devoted to carpet selling.
Troopers in the Bazaar in 19th century India.
City of Kandahar, its principal bazaar and citadel, taken from the Nakkara Khauna
Vakil Bazaar as seen by Jane Dieulafoy in 1881

A bazaar (from Persian بازار (bāzār), meaning "market"; from Middle Persian بهاچار (bahā-chār), meaning "place of prices")[1] is a permanent enclosed merchandising area, marketplace, or street of shops where goods and services are exchanged or sold. (A souq, by contrast, is an open-air marketplace or commercial quarter.) The term is sometimes also used to refer to the "network of merchants, bankers, and craftsmen" who work that area.[2] Although the current meaning of the word is believed to have originated in Persia, its use has spread and now has been accepted into the vernacular in countries around the world.[3] The rise of large bazaars and stock trading centers in the Muslim World allowed the creation of new capitals and eventually new empires. New and wealthy cities such as Isfahan, Golconda, Samarkand, Cairo, Baghdad, and Timbuktu were founded along trade routes and bazaars.

The term[edit]

Many languages have names for this concept, including Arabic and Urdu: بازار‎, Kurdish language (which is the language of Kurds from Kurdistanregion of Iraq and stemed from Persian language) has the same word bazaar meaning a marketplace. Albanian, Bosnian and Turkish: pazar, Bengali: বাজার, Bulgarian and Macedonian: пазар, Cypriot Greek: pantopoula,[4] Greek: παζάρι (pazari), Hindi: बज़ार्, Hungarian: vásár (term originates from Persian influence around the 7th-8th century and means a regular market, but special occasion markets also exist, such as Karácsonyi Vásár or "Christmas Market", and bazár or Oriental-style market or shop, the term stemming from Turkish influence around the 16th-17th century), Indonesian and Malay: pasar, Polish: bazar, Russian: базар and Uzbek: bozor.

In North America and the United Kingdom, the term can be used as a synonym for a "rummage sale", to describe charity fundraising events held by churches or other community organizations in which either donated used goods (such as books, clothes, and household items) or new and handcrafted (or home-baked) goods are sold for low prices, as at a church or other organisation's Christmas bazaar, for example.

Examples[edit]

Australia[edit]

Afghanistan[edit]

Azerbaijan[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

China[edit]

Egypt[edit]

Two Egyptian women shopping at a market next to the Al-Ghouri Complex in Cairo, Egypt.

India[edit]

Iran[edit]

Kazakhstan[edit]

Kuwait[edit]

  • Souq Almubarikiyya

Kyrgyzstan[edit]

Macedonia[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

Serbia (Sandžak)[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Syria[edit]

  • Souq Al hamdi in Damascus
  • Souq atwail in Damascus
  • Souq Al buzria in Damascus
  • Mathaf Al sulimani in Damascus
  • Souq Al-Attareen (Perfumers' Souq) in Aleppo
  • Souq Khan Al-Nahhaseen (Coopery Souq) in Aleppo
  • Souq Al-Haddadeen (Blacksmiths' Souq) in Aleppo
  • Suq Al-Saboun (Soap Souq) in Aleppo
  • Suq Al-Atiq (the Old Souq) in Aleppo
  • Al-Suweiqa (Suweiqa means "small souq" in Arabic) in Aleppo
  • Suq Al-Hokedun (Hokedun means "spiritual house" in Armenian) in Aleppo

Turkmenistan[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Uzbekistan[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "bazaar". Archived from the original on 9 February 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-17. 
  2. ^ "The Bazaar (the complex network of merchants, bankers and craftsmen who make up the heart of the traditional Islamic city)") from Introduction to Shi'i Islam, Momen, Moojan, (Yale University Press, 1985), p. 200]
  3. ^ "BAZAAR s. H. & c. From P. bāzār, a permanent market or street of shops.". University of Chicago. Retrieved 2007-07-19. 
  4. ^ Christou, Jean, "Linguist makes the island a little smaller for all[dead link]", Cyprus Mail, May 27, 2006
  5. ^ "Bazaars of Uzbekistan". Goldensteppes.com. Retrieved 2013-06-10. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]