Folk costume

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Faroese folk dance club with some members in national costumes.
The Asian National costumes, kimono of Japan, barong and Baro't saya of The Philippines, the Qipao of Manchuria (later forcibly adopted by China) and the Hanbok of Korea.
The map shows the various cultures of traditional clothing according to their Nationalities and Ethnicity.

Folk costume (also regional costume, national costume, or traditional garments) expresses an identity through costume which is usually associated with a geographic area or a period of time in history, but can also indicate social, marital and/or religious status. Such costumes often come in two forms: one for everyday occasions, the other for festivals and formal wear.

Following the outbreak of romantic nationalism, the peasantry of Europe came to serve as models for all that appeared genuine and desirable. Their dress crystallised into so-called "typical" forms, and enthusiasts adopted it as part of their symbolism.

In areas where contemporary Western fashions have become usual, traditional garments are often worn at special events or celebrations, particularly those connected with cultural traditions, heritage, or pride.

In modern times there are instances where traditional garments are required by law, as in Bhutan, where the traditional Tibetan-style clothing of gho and kera for men, kira and toego for women, must be worn by all citizens—even those not of Tibetan heritage; or in Saudi Arabia, where women are required to wear the abaya in public.


West Africa[edit]

North Africa[edit]

Horn of Africa[edit]

East Africa[edit]

Southern Africa[edit]



East Asia[edit]

South Asia[edit]

Women in Sari

Southeast Asia and Pacific[edit]

Indonesian girl wearing traditional Palembangese Songket


Traditional kroj from Slovakia
Andalusian folk costumes from Spain

Greater Middle East[edit]

Chechen folk costumes
Palestinian family wearing typical Islamic dress.
Modern Bedouin from Saudi Arabia with turban and jambiya dagger

See also[edit]