(Equus ferus caballus
) is a hoofed (ungulate
, a subspecies of one of seven extant species of the family Equidae
. The horse has evolved
over the past 45 to 55 million years from a small multi-toed creature into the large, single-toed
animal of today. Humans began to domesticate
horses around 4000 BC, and their domestication
is believed to have been widespread by 3000 BC; by 2000 BC the use of domesticated horses had spread throughout the Eurasian
continent. Although most horses today are domesticated, there are still populations of wild
and feral horses
. There are over 300 breeds of horses in the world today, developed for many different uses.
The horses anatomy enables them to make use of speed to escape predators and they have a well-developed sense of balance and a strong fight-or-flight instinct. Related to this need to flee from predators in the wild is an unusual trait: horses are able to sleep both standing up and lying down. Horses and humans interact in many ways, including a wide variety of sport competitions, non-competitive recreational pursuits and working activities. A wide variety of riding and driving techniques have been developed, using many different styles of equipment and methods of control. Many products are derived from horses, including meat, milk, hide, hair, bone, and pharmaceuticals extracted from the urine of pregnant mares.
Go Man Go (1953–1983) was an American Quarter Horse stallion and race horse. He was named World Champion Quarter Running Horse three times in a row, one of only two horses to achieve that distinction. During his five years of competition before he was retired from racing in 1960, he had 27 wins and brought earnings of more than $86,000 ($634,000 in 2007 dollars). His sire (father), the Thoroughbred stallion Top Deck, was bred by the King Ranch. His dam (mother) hailed from Louisiana; Go Man Go is thought to have gained his swiftness on the track from her. For the first years of Go Man Go's racing career, his owner faced difficulty in registering him with the American Quarter Horse Association (AQHA), a matter that remained unresolved until 1958.
Go Man Go went on to sire two All American Futurity winners and seven Champion Quarter Running Horses. He was inducted into the American Quarter Horse Hall of Fame, as were two of his offspring. His daughters also produced a number of race winners, including the Hall of Fame member Kaweah Bar. The director of racing for the AQHA once compared his impact on Quarter Horse racing and breeding to that of Man o' War in Thoroughbred racing.
, also known as the Avelignese, is a breed of horse
developed in Austria
and northern Italy
during the late 1800s. There are several theories as to this breed's origin, but its current conformation
and appearance are the result of infusions of Arabian
and various European
breeds' blood into the original native Tyrolean
ponies. Haflinger horses are relatively small, are always chestnut
in color, and have distinctive gaits
described as energetic but smooth. The breed is well-muscled, but with an elegant appearance. Haflingers have many uses, including light draft
work as well as various under-saddle disciplines such as endurance riding
, equestrian vaulting
and therapeutic riding
programs. The World Haflinger Federation (WHF) is the international governing body that controls breed standards for the Haflinger. The WHF is made up of a confederation of 22 national registries, and helps to set breeding objectives, guidelines and rules for its member organizations.