The kausia (Ancient Greek: καυσία) was an ancient Macedonian flat hat.
It was worn during the Hellenistic period but perhaps even before the time of Alexander the Great and was also used in lion hunting and as a protection against the sun by the poorer classes in Rome.
Depictions of the kausia can be found on a variety of coins and statues found from the Mediterranean to the Greco-Bactrian kingdom and the Indo-Greeks in northwestern India.
A modern descendant of the hat may be the Pakol, or 'Chitrali cap': the familiar, and remarkably similar, men's hat from the mountains of Afghanistan and Pakistan.
- ^ καυσία, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
- ^ "The Kausia Diadematophoros", American Journal of Archaeology, 1984, on JSTOR
- ^ "Miles gloriosus", Harvard University Press, 1997, on Google books