A cornette is a piece of female headwear that was especially popular in Europe in the 15th to 17th century. It is essentially a type of wimple consisting of a large starched piece of white cloth that is folded upwards in such a way as to create the resemblance of horns (French: cornes) on the wearer's head.
Use by the Daughters of Charity
The cornette was retained however as a distinctive piece of clothing into modern times by the Roman Catholic society of apostolic life of the Daughters of Charity, founded by St. Vincent de Paul. The founder wanted to have the sisters of this new type of religious congregation of women, that tended to the sick poor and were not required to remain in their cloister, resemble ordinary middle-class women as much as possible in their clothing - this was the reason why the cornette was adopted.
After the cornette generally fell into disuse, it became a distinctive feature of the Daughters of Charity, making theirs one of the most widely recognised religious habits. Because of the cornette, they were known in Ireland as the "butterfly nuns". They abandoned the cornette on 20 September 1964.
The cornette in popular culture
- In the opening sequence of Jacques Tati's 1967 film Play Time, the cornettes of two nuns move like wings as they walk in an airport.
- The headgear of the nuns in the American 1960s TV series The Flying Nun was meant to be a reference to (and spoof of) the cornette. It is the driving force of the plot in the series, as the main character (played by Sally Field) is so lightweight that she is taken up by every gust of wind because of the cornette she is wearing, and is thus able to fly.
- World Wrestling Federation tag team The Flying Nuns wore cornettes to the ring and wrestled in nun outfits.
- In the 2006 Doctor Who episode, New Earth, the humanoid cat people of the Sisters of Plenitude wear a cornette with their gowns.
- The cornettes worn by the St. Vincent nuns were a popular inspiration for painter Robert Vickrey.
- A photo of American Daughters of Charity wearing the cornette, 1931
- Another photo
- Photo cornette in museum
- An image of a Daughter of Charity wearing the cornette, photographed from the side